This procedure, which is often performed after tooth extraction, is aimed to preserve the alveolar bone (the bone that supported the extracted tooth) and the gum tissue covering it. After a tooth has been extracted, the socket remains empty. Over time, the alveolar bone that surrounds the socket, as well as the gum tissue that covers the area, slowly start to deteriorate. Over time, this can lead to severe bone loss, which may cause neighboring teeth to shift and cause different complications. Certain conditions, such as periodontal disease or previous infections, may aggravate this process and cause even more severe complications. That is why all patients with periodontal disease or history of infections should seriously consider extraction site preservation procedure. However, the procedure is advised and can be useful to all patients, mostly because it enables placing of dental implants in the future.
The easiest, most comfortable, and most economical way of performing an extraction site preservation is to do it immediately after the extraction, as a joint procedure. The extraction site preservation is essentially a simple procedure. It includes using bone substitute that is placed into the socket to fill the empty space. This substitute bine is often referred to as bone graft. This structure supports the surrounding alveolar bone, thus preventing the above described deterioration and allowing growth of new alveolar bone. As stated above, this is of vital importance for placing dental implants in the future. Extraction site preservation is a painless, safe, and affordable procedure that will always prove beneficial over time.